Facilitate access to health education and improving shifts, this is the objective of a dozen universities have developed new methods for integrating medical-pharmacy-dental and midwifery, in parallel to the PACES .
Reduce the failure rate at the end of first year of health studies considered a real waste of talent, was the aim of the PACES at its launch in 2010.
Four years later, we must admit that the objective is far from being achieved. In some universities, the success rate of the end of Grade 1 contest does not exceed 10% and the First common year health studies remains a very thankless period. According to Isabelle Richard, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine of Angers "the PACES remains a very inefficient system because it leads to the failure of many young very good level. Students who will have to start from scratch their studies despite two years of hard work. What discourage, what also reduce their ambitions. Everybody can not afford to accumulate years of study. "
End of PACES for?
For now a dozen universities have volunteered to introduce new access routes to health studies (medicine, pharmacy, dentistry, midwifery) Fioraso permitted by law of July 2013.
These developments provide either broaden access to 2nd year of health studies is to simply delete the PACES. This project, being prepared in Angers will be launched in September 2015.
This is to establish a "plurisanté" course, specifically a very multidisciplinary 1st voluntarily license year will be the only way to medicine, pharmacy, dentistry and maieutics, with two large periods admission at the end of the second half, or -in case of failure – at the end of the third semester. "We always give two chances to access health studies, complete Isabelle Richard. But no lost time for unsuccessful applicants since they can reach the 2nd year of another sector without renouncing their previous semesters. "Through this system, the PACES no longer relevant.
New parallel inlet channels to the PACES
In the other pilot universities, the focus will be to expand access to health education by developing other sectors whose programs have been adapted This was the case of projects implemented in September 2014 in Paris 5, Paris 7, Paris 13 and the University of Saint-Etienne with, among other chemistry courses or right supplemented certain modules preparing health studies.
The University of Rouen for its part created in the last entry a license Sciences for Health, a die to the paramedical which will also enable small numbers of integrating Medicine, Dental Pharma or in parallel to the PACES. Conversely, flunk of PACES will reorient themselves in this license.
The University of Auvergne has opted for a system very close to proposing next September a Bachelor of Science degree for enhanced health classes to join the medical or pharmaceutical industries but also -although sure- other fields such as science drug or nutrition, health, food.
At the University of Strasbourg, it is the students who have completed the second year of Life Sciences license that can integrate small workforce health sectors.
Another case, the University of Poitiers has established a gateway for students from L2 in biology or chemistry. They will take the path of the 2nd year of health, workforce that will go increasing over the years, as in most other cases. The University of Tours has finally widen the entrance to his health sector to students with a validated L2 or L3 Materials Science or Life Sciences. In the latter two cases, the experiment will begin in September 2015.
These various solutions will be tested for at least 6 years to reflect on their possible generalization. The PACES thus keeps its place and its importance for the moment!
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